Can any ornament be called yantra? And is there any special difference between yantra and conventional schematic decoration? Let’s figure it out. The syllable YaN – comes from the root of Yam (Sanskrit), meaning “to support”, the syllable TRA (Sanskrit) means “connection”.
Yantra is the visual form of the mantra. This can be compared to an abstract painting painted in canvas and illustrating the poem. Finished yantra is a visual tool for focusing attention. It connects our entangled consciousness to the consciousness of the Divine with its structure and is able to maintain this connection throughout the focus of attention on it.
Thus, yantra becomes the gateway, providing awareness of the presence of the deity, but, the mantra becomes the connecting wind freely entering this gate. Just about the same as verse can enrich our understanding of the images of the picture.
The fixed yantra symbol conveys “anxiety” in the form of “movement”, and at the same time “stopping the anxiety” in the form of stopping movement in the right place and at the right time. Yantra allows you to convey as movement as immobility. Repeatability of images in yantra and sounds in the mantra is a distinctive aspect of such creative narration in paintings and poems.
Multiple repetition in yantras and mantras allows us to simultaneously transmit motion while maintaining immobility. Repeatability in yantra allows the transmission of kaleidoscopy of existence, just as a small set of colored glasses with repeated reflection and movement in an enclosed space periodically repeats combinations of formed patterns. All yantras, by their structure, consist of a straight line, a curve and a point. Points are the centers of rotation or intersection of straight and curved lines. The central point of yantra (mandala) is the point of the essence of the mind, which separates and absorbs the entire mandala. This point is called – Bindu. Straight and curved lines are a modification of the Bindu, as traces from a collision of mind-inclinations. We express them with Mantras. The points of intersection of straight and curved lines in yantra are repeated syllables or sounds of mantras (bijas).
The Bija in the mantra is the light that reveals itself by the repetition of sound. In the yantra field it can be reflected many times. Yantra allows us to focus on the idea of peace and balance, protecting us as a shield, from external and internal destructive winds. Yantra and mantra mutually support each other. Thus, the consciousness takes the form of yantra and mantra, that is, when contemplating the form, the mind-observer acquires the form of the object. When the yantra is contemplated, order and harmony appear in the mind. When we contemplate the yantra in conjunction with the mantra, then within the mental ordering that has come about, points of support appear, that is, the consciousness develops the qualities of stability.
By Marina Sukhanova.
Translation from Russian by Helga Von Krauzinsh.